sane-canon_dr(5)         SANE Scanner Access Now Easy         sane-canon_dr(5)


       sane-canon_dr - SANE backend for Canon DR-series scanners


       The  sane-canon_dr  library implements a SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy)
       backend which provides access to some Canon DR-series scanners.

       This document describes backend version 51,  which  shipped  with  SANE


       This version has only been tested with a few scanner models. Please see  for  the  most
       recent list.

       This  backend  may support other Canon scanners. The best way to deter‐
       mine level of support is to test the scanner directly, or to collect  a
       trace  of  the windows driver in action.  Please contact the author for
       help or with test results.

       In general, the larger machines (DR-4000 and up) which have been tested
       use  a  fairly complete protocol, with hardware support for many modes,
       resolutions and features. The smaller machines have  many  limitations,
       like  missing horizontal resolutions, missing binary mode, always scan‐
       ning full-width, etc.  There is code in the backend  to  address  these
       problems,  but there seems to be no way to detect if they are required,
       so they must be hard-coded.


       Effort has been made to expose most hardware options, including:

       source s
              Selects the source for the scan. Options may include  "Flatbed",
              "ADF Front", "ADF Back", "ADF Duplex".

       mode m
              Selects  the  mode  for the scan. Options may include "Lineart",
              "Halftone", "Gray", and "Color".

              Controls scan resolution.

       tl-x, tl-y, br-x, br-y
              Sets scan area upper left and lower right coordinates. These are
              renamed t, l, x, y by some frontends.

       page-width, page-height
              Sets  paper size. Used by scanner to determine centering of scan
              coordinates when using ADF and to detect double feed errors.

       Other options will be available based on the capabilities of the  scan‐
       ner: enhancement, compression, buttons and sensors, etc.

       Additionally,  several  'software'  options are exposed by the backend.
       These are reimplementations of features  provided  natively  by  larger
       scanners,  but  running  on  the  host  computer.  This enables smaller
       machines to have similar capabilities. Please note that these  features
       are  somewhat  simplistic,  and  may  not perform as well as the native
       implementations. Note also that these features  all  require  that  the
       driver  cache  the  entire  image in memory. This will almost certainly
       result in a reduction of scanning speed.

              Requests the driver to  detect  the  extremities  of  the  paper
              within the larger image, and crop the empty edges.

              Requests  the  driver to detect the rotation of the paper within
              the larger image, and counter the rotation.

       swdespeck X
              Requests the driver to find and remove dots  of  X  diameter  or
              smaller from the image, and fill the space with the average sur‐
              rounding color.

       Use 'scanimage --help' to get a list, but be aware  that  some  options
       may  be  settable  only  when  another  option  has  been set, and that
       advanced options may be hidden by some frontend programs.


       The configuration file "canon_dr.conf" is used to tell the backend  how
       to  look for scanners, and provide options controlling the operation of
       the backend.  This file is read each time the frontend asks the backend
       for a list of scanners, generally only when the frontend starts. If the
       configuration file is missing, the backend will fail to run.

       Scanners can be specified in the configuration file in 4 ways:

       "scsi CANON DR"
              Requests backend to search all scsi busses in the system  for  a
              device  which  reports  itself  to be a scanner made by 'CANON',
              with a model name starting with 'DR'.

       "scsi /dev/sg0" (or other scsi device file)
              Requests backend to open the named scsi device. Only  useful  if
              you  have multiple compatible scanners connected to your system,
              and need to specify one. Probably should not be  used  with  the
              other "scsi" line above.

       "usb 0x04a9 0x1603" (or other vendor/product ids)
              Requests  backend  to  search all usb busses in the system for a
              device which uses that vendor and product id.  The  device  will
              then be queried to determine if it is a Canon scanner.

       "usb /dev/usb/scanner0" (or other device file)
              Some  systems  use  a kernel driver to access usb scanners. This
              method is untested.

       Besides the 'scsi' and 'usb' lines, the configuration file supports the
       following 'option' lines:

       "option buffer-size [number of bytes]"
              Set  the  number  of bytes in the data buffer to something other
              than the compiled-in default of  4MB.  Large  values  may  cause
              timeouts or hangs, small values may cause slow scans.

              Note:  The  backend does not place an upper bound on this value,
              as some users required it to be quite large.  Values  above  the
              default  are  not  recommended,  and may crash your OS or lockup
              your scsi card driver. You have been warned.

       "option vendor-name [string of text]"
       "option model-name [string of text]"
       "option version-name [string of text]"
              These options can be used collectively to  override  the  values
              provided by the scanner, or to provide the values when the scan‐
              ner cannot.

       "option padded-read [0|1]"
              Some scanners prepend all  data  transmitted  to  host  with  12
              bytes.  Enable  this  option  if the scanner fails to respond to

       "option duplex-offset [integer]"
              Some scanners pad the upper edge of one side of a  duplex  scan.
              There  is  some  variation in the amount of padding. Modify this
              option if your unit shows an unwanted band of image data on only
              one side.

       Note:  'option'  lines  may  appear multiple times in the configuration
       file.  They only apply to scanners discovered by  the  next  'scsi/usb'


       The  backend  uses  a single environment variable, SANE_DEBUG_CANON_DR,
       which enables debugging output to stderr. Valid values are:

              5  Errors
              10 Function trace
              15 Function detail
              20 Option commands
              25 SCSI/USB trace
              30 SCSI/USB detail
              35 Useless noise


       This backend was entirely reverse engineered from  usb  traces  of  the
       proprietary  driver.  Various advanced features of the machines may not
       be enabled. Many machines have  not  been  tested.  Their  protocol  is


       The various authors of the sane-fujitsu backend provided useful code
       Yabarana Corp. provided significant funding
       EvriChart, Inc. provided funding and loaned equipment
       Canon, USA. loaned equipment
       HPrint provided funding and testing for DR-2510 support
       Stone-IT provided funding for DR-2010 and DR-2050 sup‐
       Gerhard Pfeffer provided access and testing for P-208 and P-215
       Special thanks to: Alejandro Imass, Andre Shimakawa, Martijn van  Brum‐
       melen, Thanos Diacakis and Junren Shi for testing and feedback.


       sane(7), sane-scsi(5), sane-usb(5)


       m. allan noah: <kitno455 a t gmail d o t com>

                                  31 Aug 2015                 sane-canon_dr(5)

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