sane-umax_pp(5)          SANE Scanner Access Now Easy          sane-umax_pp(5)


       sane-umax_pp  - SANE backend for Umax Astra parallel port flatbed scan‐


       The sane-umax_pp library implements a SANE (Scanner  Access  Now  Easy)
       backend  that  provides  access to Umax parallel port flatbed scanners.
       The following scanners work with this backend:

              Astra 610P
              Astra 1220P
              Astra 1600P
              Astra 2000P
              Genius ColorPage-Life Pro

       This backend handles 75x75, 150x150, 300x300, 600x600 and 600x1200  for
       1220P/1600P/2000P dpi scan resolutions, and 75x75, 150x150, 300x300 and
       300x600 for 610P. In color and gray levels, there is a software lineart

       The new generation models share a newer version of the 610P ASIC embed‐
       ded in an EPAT chip.  Only parts such as CCD and ADC change from one to
       another.  They  even  all  reports being UMAX Astra 1220P via IEEE1284.
       There isn't software way to recognize  them  properly.  Under  windows,
       model is set by the driver installed, regardless of the hardware.

              The  current version of the backend uses only EPP or ECP mode to
              communicate with the scanner. PS/2 mode isn't  implemented.  The
              610P  only use SPP. It is recommended that you set your parallel
              port to EPP in BIOS with the current version  of  this  backend.
              You can leave it to ECP or ECP+EPP, but in this case you may not
              use ppdev but only direct hardware access if  you  have  to  use
              ECP.   ECPEPP will only work if you use a 2.4 or 2.6 kernel with
              ppdev character device support.

       This backend does support parport sharing only if  you  have  a  kernel
       with ppdev support.

       Note  that  if  you  don't  use the ppdev character device, the backend
       needs to run as root. To allow user access to the scanner run the back‐
       end  through  the  network interface (See saned(8) and sane-net(5)).  A
       more relaxed solution (security wise) is to add suid bit to  the  fron‐
       tend  (See  chmod(1)).   The backend drop root privileges as soon as it
       can, right after gaining direct access to IO ports, which lessen  risks
       when being root.


       This backend expects device names of the form:

              port value

       Where value is :

              auto   autodetect all parallel ports and probe them for scanner

                     autodetect all parallel ports and probe them for scanner,
                     but does not try direct hardware access

                     uses *BSD ppi device, depending on the number  of  avail‐
                     able parallel port, you have to use /dev/ppi1, /dev/ppi2,

                     uses linux ppdev  device,  depending  on  the  number  of
                     available  parallel  port, you have to use /dev/parport1,
                     /dev/parport2, ...

              0x378  does direct hardware access on the given  address.  Usual
                     values  are 0x378, 0x278, 0x3BC In this case, you have to
                     run the  scanner  as  root  (*BSD  and  linux),  or  with
                     'IOPL=yes' on OS/2

       NOTE:  in  all cases, you must have sufficient privileges to get access
       to the chosen device or address. Depending on  the  security  settings,
       devices may not be available for all users.  You have to change permis‐
       sions on the dev/ppi* or /dev/parport* devices.

       You can rename any device using the

              name devname
              model model
              vendor vendor

       options. These options apply to the last port option.


       Please make sure to edit umax_pp.conf before you use the backend.

       The contents of the umax_pp.conf file is a list of options  and  device
       names that correspond to Umax scanners.  Empty lines and lines starting
       with a hash mark (#) are ignored.

       The  eight  options  supported  are  red-gain,  green-gain,  blue-gain,
       red-offset, green-offset, blue-offset, astra, and buffer.

       Options  red-gain  ,  green-gain  and blue-gain allow you to adjust the
       sensitivity of your scanner for the given color. Values  range  from  0
       (lowest  gain)  to  15  (highest).  If the advanced option "Gain" isn't
       checked in the frontend, the backend does automatic  gain  calibration,
       and do not use user provided values.

       Options  red-offset  , green-offset and blue-offset allow you to adjust
       the offset of your scanner for the given color.  Values  range  from  0
       (lowest offset) to 15 (highest).

       Option  astra  allows  you to change the model of your scanner. Current
       auto detection is based on side effects on scanning  when  using  1220P
       command  set on other models, so it may fail on unknown hardware combi‐
       nation. Valid values are 610, 1220, 1600 and 2000. It  is  useful  only
       when autodetection fails to detect properly your scanner model. If your
       scanner work properly but is reported wrongly, let it be that way.  The
       only  valid  case  to  change  the  model is when your scanner produces
       "black" or "inverted" scans. In this case you can  put  the  model.  Be
       aware that it will prevent scanner model autodetection.

       Option  buffer  allows  you  to change the size of the scan buffer. The
       size must be specified in bytes. The  default  value  is  2  megabytes.
       Decreasing  this  value  will improve the smoothness of progress bar in
       the frontend, but will stall the scan more often.


              The  backend  configuration  file  (see  also   description   of
              SANE_CONFIG_DIR below).

              The static library implementing this backend.

              The shared library implementing this backend (present on systems
              that support dynamic loading).


              This environment variable specifies the list of directories that
              may contain the configuration file.  Under UNIX, the directories
              are separated by a colon (`:'), under OS/2, they  are  separated
              by a semi-colon (`;').  If this variable is not set, the config‐
              uration file is searched in two default directories: first,  the
              current working directory (".") and then in /etc/sane.d.  If the
              value of the environment variable ends with the directory  sepa‐
              rator character, then the default directories are searched after
              the explicitly  specified  directories.   For  example,  setting
              SANE_CONFIG_DIR  to  "/tmp/config:"  would result in directories
              "tmp/config", ".", and "/etc/sane.d"  being  searched  (in  this

              If  the  library  was  compiled with debug support enabled, this
              environment variable controls the debug level for this  backend.
              E.g.,  a  value  of 128 requests all debug output to be printed.
              Smaller levels reduce verbosity.

              level   debug output
              ------- ------------------------------
               0       nothing
               1       errors
               2       warnings & minor errors
               3       additional information
               4       debug information
               5       code flow (not supported yet)
               6       special debug information

              This variable sets the debug level for the  SANE  interface  for
              the  Umax  ASIC. Note that enabling this will spam your terminal
              with some million lines of debug output.

              level   debug output
              ------- -------------------------------
               0       nothing
               1       errors
               8       command blocks
               16      detailed code flow
               32      dump datafiles
               255     everything


       sane(7), sane-net(5), saned(8)

       For latest bug fixes and information see


       Stéphane Voltz <>


       Support for the 610P has been made possible thank to an hardware  dona‐
       tion by William Stuart.


       If  something doesn't work, please contact me. But I need some informa‐
       tion about your scanner to be able to help you...

       SANE version
              run "scanimage -V" to determine this

       the backend version and your scanner hardware
              run "SANE_DEBUG_UMAX_PP=255 scanimage -L 2>log" as root. If  you
              don't  get any output from the umax_pp backend, make sure a line
              "umax_pp" is included into your /etc/sane.d/dll.conf.   If  your
              scanner  isn't detected, make sure you've defined the right port
              address, or the correct device in your umax_pp.conf.

       the name of your scanner/vendor
              also a worthy information. Please also include the optical reso‐
              lution  and  lamp type of your scanner, both can be found in the
              manual of your scanner.

       any further comments
              if you have comments about the documentation (what could be done
              better),  or  you  think I should know something, please include

                                  14 Jul 2008                  sane-umax_pp(5)

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